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# Converting JSON params to objects

Crystal comes with a JSON::Serializable module that makes converting raw JSON in to composable objects much easier. This makes validating your JSON, and storing the data nicer and type-safe.

We will use this JSON object for an example:

{
  "pay_date": "2021-02-15 10:00:00",
  "issue_date": "2021-01-31 14:00:00",
  "lines": [
    {"text": "Item One", "unit": "USD", "amount": 5500, "tax": 3.8},
    {"text": "Item Two", "unit": "USD", "amount": 1032, "tax": 3.8},
  ]
}

# Using params

The params object gives us access to this JSON with params.body. We can also access individual values with params.from_json["the_key"].

class Api::Invoices::Create < ApiAction
  post "/api/customers/:customer_id/invoices" do
    pay_date = Time.parse(params.from_json["pay_date"].as_s, "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", Time::Location::UTC)

    SaveInvoice.create(pay_date: pay_date) do |op, invoice|
      # ...
    end
  end
end

To simplify the code a bit, we can create separate JSON serializable objects.

class SerializedInvoice
  include JSON::Serializable
  property pay_date : Time
  property issue_date : Time
  property lines : Array(SerializedInvoiceLine)
end

class SerializedInvoiceLine
  include JSON::Serializable
  property text : String
  property unit : String
  property amount : Int32
  property tax : Int32
end

With these two classes, we can use params.body to clean up our action!

class Api::Invoices::Create < ApiAction
  post "/api/customers/:customer_id/invoices" do
    serialized_invoice = SerializedInvoice.from_json(params.body)

    SaveInvoice.create(serialized_invoice: serialized_invoice) do |op, invoice|
      # ...
    end
  end
end
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